Harvey Joseph Madore

Private First Class Harvey Joseph Madore

Contributed by Mr. Shane Gower
Maranacook Community High School, Maine
2015-2016
Unit: 63rd Infantry Division, 255th Infantry Regiment
Branch: U.S. Army
Service Number: 31460256
Date of Birth: April 1, 1917
Entered the Military: March 30, 1944
Date of Death: March 5, 1945
Hometown: Augusta, Maine
Place of Death: Bübingen, Germany
Award(s): Purple Heart, Bronze Star
Cemetery: Plot B, Row 32, Grave 29, Epinal American Cemetery, Epinal, France

Early Life

Harvey Madore was the youngest of four children born to Joseph and Annie Madore of Cyr Plantation, a small town on the Canadian border in Maine. Originally from New Brunswick, Canada, the Madore family spoke French almost exclusively. The Madores and their four children, Alma, Armand, Irene, and Harvey, made their way south looking for a better life.

They spent time in Old Town and Bradley, Maine before finally settling in the state capital of Augusta in the late 1920s. Joseph found work in a local paper mill, and Annie worked in a local cotton mill. Madore attended parochial school in Augusta. He later found work in the Edwards Manufacturing Company Mill. Over time, he became close to his sister's friend Rita Grégoire.

Looking to impress Rita, Madore accepted a challenge from a friend to swim halfway across the Kennebec River, which flows through Augusta, and touch the bottom. He surfaced with sand in his hand to prove his feat! Rita and Harvey married on June 30, 1941. They took up residence in a duplex on Mount Vernon Avenue in Augusta owned by Rita’s parents who lived in the apartment downstairs.

The couple had a son, Robert, on October 30, 1942. During this time, Madore continued to work in the Edwards Mill, and Rita worked for the Hallowell Shoe Company. Each morning on his way to work Madore carried his son, Robert, across the road to the woman who watched him while his parents worked.

Young Harvey, 1930s. Courtesy of Robert MadoreHarvey and Rita Madore. Courtesy of Robert Madore

Homefront

In 1944, Harvey Madore was drafted into the U.S. Army at the age of 27. He reported for duty at Fort Devens, Massachusetts, and was soon transported to Camp Van Dorn in Centreville, Mississippi, for basic training. Madore was assigned to the 255th Infantry Regiment of the 63rd Infantry Division. Just after arriving at Fort Devens, he wrote a letter to Rita letting her know he had won “a few dollars” playing cards on the way there. He asked about their son and told her not to worry. During his training in Mississippi, Madore sent a photograph home of him with a grin on his face, proudly holding a snake.

“Come see me, come now”
After training throughout the summer, Madore and his regiment were sent to Camp Shanks, New York, in November 1944. According to his son, Madore called Rita shortly after arriving at Camp Shanks in the middle of the night. “Come see me, come now,” he told her.

Madore let his wife know that his unit would soon be shipping out for Europe and he wanted to see her one more time before they left. Rita left her son with her mother and took the first train to New York. Madore had given his wife instructions on how to find the pier and the ship.

Upon arriving, Rita was puzzled to see no ship. She asked a man nearby if he knew where the ship was located. The man nodded and pointed offshore. In the distance, still visible, was that ship, bound for France. “It left a little while ago,” the man told her. Rita had just missed him and would never see her husband again.

Military Experience

Private First Class Madore was assigned to the forward element of the 63rd Infantry Division. The Task Force, led by Brigadier General Frederick M. Harris, arrived in Marseille, France, on December 8, 1944. After a few days in a staging area, they moved by road and rail to Camp d'Oberhoffen, France, located about midway between Colmar and Sarreguemines.

255th Infantry Regiment assault on the Quarry

Madore and the 255th Infantry Regiment crossed the German border and pushed toward Berlin. But shortly after arriving near the front, Madore was hospitalized on January 9, 1945, for a “non-battle” illness. According to his family, he suffered from hypothermia and frostbite while sleeping in a foxhole.

Private First Class Madore returned to his unit for active duty on January 19. In February 1945 his unit was involved in an attack between the German villages of Bübingen and Güdingen. On March 4, 1945, the regiment fought an intense battle to take control of the Hahnbusch and Birnberg Stone Quarry. By all accounts, the battle over the quarry was a bloody encounter that was terrifying and incredibly difficult. James Gregg, an infantryman who was also in the 255th Infantry Regiment, described the start of the attack:

In quick succession the shrill whistles followed by sharp explosions sprayed metal fragments among the squad…cries of "medic" were heard and the aid man hurried up to extend the limit of his ability in medical practice. The Germans had waited with patient experience until we entered the woods before commencing fire.

The regiment advanced through the woods and then commenced its assault on the quarry the next day. According to Gregg, the quarry included a complex of ditches with 20 to 30 foot high slopes. In addition, there were large pits, 30 to 40 feet deep, throughout the quarry.

“Killed in Action”

On March 8, in the midst of this battle, Madore was reported as Missing in Action. On March 19 his official status was changed from “Missing in Action on March 8” to “Killed in Action on March 5.” Madore most likely died during the assault on the stone quarry, and his remains were recovered once the 255th Infantry Regiment had established control over the area. According to the medical report, Madore died from shell fragment wounds to the thorax and chest.

Harvey and the snake, 1944. Courtesy of Robert MadoreHarvey at Camp Van Dorn, 1944. Courtesy of Robert Madore

Eulogy

In the middle of the Kennebec River, there is a pair of swimming trunks. Never one to back away from a challenge, Harvey Madore was dared by a friend to swim halfway across the river and touch the bottom of the river bed. On his way to grab a handful of dirt as proof of touching the bottom, Harvey’s trunks got tangled on some barbed wire and he ditched them. He emerged a short while later with dirt in hand, and completely naked.

Harvey was born to Joseph and Annie Madore in Cyr Plantation in northern Maine, just a few miles from the Canadian border. Harvey and his wife Rita had one son, Robert Madore, who was born on October 30, 1942.

Harvey entered the war at the age of 27 in the Spring of 1944 and was transported to Camp Van Dorn in Centreville, MS for Basic Training. At the Camp, Harvey was assigned to the 255th Infantry Regiment of the 63rd Infantry Division. In the Fall, Harvey was sent to Camp Shanks, NY. According to his son, Harvey called his wife Rita in the middle of the night after arriving. “Come see me, come now.” he told her. Rita left her son with her Mother and took the first train she could get to New York. Unfortunately she was too late as Harvey’s ship had left.

Harvey traveled to France in December 1944. After a short hospital stay for frostbite, he returned to his unit and the Regiment was soon involved in an attack near the German villages of Bubingen and Gundingen. By all accounts the battle over the Quarry was a hard fought and bloody encounter that was terrifying and incredibly difficult.

Harvey died from shrapnel wounds during this battle.

There were many soldiers like Harvey Madore in World War Two, some came home and some didn’t. But the sacrifice made by these soldiers will never be forgotten. The people of the greater Augusta, Maine community (including my School community) have learned about Harvey and his sacrifice. Thank you Bob and Roger Madore for sharing the stories of your Father and Grandfather. And thank you Harvey Madore for your sacrifice.

Bob, Roger, and Harvey. Courtesy of Robert Madore

Reflection

Madore’s body was buried in a temporary grave, not far from the German border, once his remains had been identified. A Western Union telegram on March 24, 1945, notified his wife, Rita, of his death. Rita’s mother received the news first.

She told her grandson that she had seen the telegram boy on his bike coming up the road and felt a sense of dread. When she saw him stop in front of her house and get off his bike, she knew it was either her son or her son-in-law who had died.

Rita struggled with the decision about where to bury her husband permanently, but finally decided to let her husband lie not far from where he died. In fall 1948, she decided to let her husband Private First Class Madore be permanently laid to rest at Epinal American Cemetery.

In 2016, Madore’s son Robert and his grandson Roger shared his story with the students of Maranacook Community High School in Readfield, ME. They also showcased many of Madore’s personal belongings and his medals. The sacrifice of Harvey Madore was recognized in a School Assembly.

Bibliography

Primary Sources:
63rd Infantry Division; Records of the Adjutant General’s Office, World War II Combat Operations Report 1940-1948, Record Group 407 (Box 9463); National Archives at College Park, College Park, MD.

63rd Infantry Division; Records of the Adjutant General’s Office, World War II Combat Operations Report 1940-1948, Record Group 407 (Box 9465); National Archives at College Park, College Park, MD.

63rd Infantry Division; Records of the Adjutant General’s Office, World War II Combat Operations Report 1940-1948, Record Group 407 (Box 9533); National Archives at College Park, College Park, MD.

63rd Infantry Division; Records of the Adjutant General’s Office, World War II Combat Operations Report 1940-1948, Record Group 407 (Box 9537); National Archives at College Park, College Park, MD.

“63rd Infantry Division.” U.S. Army Center of Military History. Last modified May 20, 2011. Accessed January 3, 2016. http://www.history.army.mil/html/forcestruc/cbtchron/cc/063id.htm.

Gregg, James H. Awesome Spring. Gainesville: University of Florida, Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, 1978. http://ufdc.ufl.edu/AA00003138/00001/1j.

Harvey J. Madore, Individual Deceased Personnel File, Department of the Army.

Harvey J. Madore, Official Military Personnel File, Department of the Army, RG 319, National Archives and Records Administration - St. Louis.

Kennebec Journal. “Three Local Men Reported Killed in Action.” 1945.

Letters from Harvey J. Madore to Marie Madore, 1944-1945. Courtesy of Robert Madore.

Madore Family Photographs. 1917-1945. Courtesy of Robert Madore.

Madore, Robert. Personal interview with the author. December 28, 2015.

Malone, Timothy. The Battle of Buchhof and Stein am Kocher: The Story of Second Battalion 253rd Infantry Regiment. Seattle: Amazon Digital Services, Inc., 2014.

Records for Harvey J. Madore; World War II Army Enlistment Records, 1938-1946 [Electronic File], Record Group 64; National Archives at College Park, College Park, MD [retrieved from the Access to Archival Databases at https://aad.archives.gov/aad/display-partial-records.jsp?f=3475&mtch=1&q...., November 25, 2015].

Secondary Sources:
“By Way of… Camp Van Dorn.” Camp Van Dorn World War II Museum. Last modified 2015. Accessed December 27, 2015. http://www.vandornmuseum.org/index.php?option=com_frontpage&Itemid=1.

Clinton, Fred. “Welcome to the Home of the 63rd Infantry Division.” Last modified March 14, 2015. Accessed November 26, 2015. http://www.63rdinfdiv.com/index1.html.

“Harvey J. Madore.” American Battle Monuments Commission. Accessed November 18, 2015. http://www.abmc.gov/node/385966.